Development of Novel Hydrogen-Bond Donor Catalysts [electronic resource] / by Tsubasa Inokuma.Material type: TextSeries: Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research: Publisher: Tokyo : Springer Japan : Imprint: Springer, 2013Description: XIV, 107 p. online resourceContent type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9784431542315Subject(s): Chemistry | Organic chemistry | Medicinal chemistry | Catalysis | Chemistry | Organic Chemistry | Medicinal Chemistry | CatalysisAdditional physical formats: Printed edition:: No titleDDC classification: 547 LOC classification: QD415-436Online resources: Texto completo
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Introduction -- Development of HB donor catalysts -- Development and properties of novel HB donor catalysts -- Asymmetric Michael addition to alpha,beta-unsaturated imides catalyzed by HB donors -- Asymmetric Hydrazination of activated methylene compounds catalyzed by HB donors -- Development of hydroxy thiourea catalysts -- Asymmetric Michael addition of gamma-hydroxyenones and alkenylboronic acids -- Asymmetric Petasis Reaction of N-aryl-alpha-iminoamides and Alkenylboronates -- Conclusion.
This work describes novel, effective hydrogen-bond (HB) donor catalysts based on a known bifunctional tertiary amine-thiourea, a privileged structure, which has been proven to be one of the most widely used organocatalysts. These HB donor catalysts derived from quinazoline and benzothiadiazine were initially synthesized as novel HB donors with their HB-donating abilities being measured by analytical methods. They were found to be effective for a variety of asymmetric transformations including Michael reactions of a, b-unsaturated imides and hydrazination reactions of 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds. Thiourea catalysts that have an additional functional group are also described. Specifically, thioureas that bear a hydroxyl group were synthesized and subsequently used as novel bifunctional organocatalysts for catalytic, asymmetric Petasis-type reactions involving organoboronic acids as nucleophiles. These addition reactions were difficult to achieve using existing organocatalysts. One of the developed catalytic methods can be applied to the synthesis of biologically interesting peptide-derived compounds possessing unnatural vinyl glycine moieties. These findings introduce new criteria required for the development of organocatalysts for asymmetric reactions, thus making a significant contribution to the field of organocatalysis.